Sri Lanka Gem

Explore the exquisite world of Sri Lanka gems, renowned for their unique colors and high-quality craftsmanship. Discover a wide range of precious and semi-precious stones, including sapphires, rubies, and moonstones. Dive into the rich history and culture of Sri Lankan gemology, and find the perfect gemstone for you or your loved ones.

Introduction to Sri Lanka Gems

Sri Lanka, also known as the ‘Pearl of the Indian Ocean’, is globally renowned for its rich variety of high-quality gems. This introductory guide provides an overview of the history, types, and cultural significance of Sri Lankan gems. Dive into the world of sapphires, rubies, and moonstones, and discover why Sri Lanka is a leading gemstone exporter and a favorite destination for gem enthusiasts and collectors.

History and Significance of Gem Mining in Sri Lanka

Discover the rich heritage of gem mining in Sri Lanka, a tradition that dates back over 2,000 years. This section delves into the ancient practices, techniques, and the evolution of the gem industry in the country. Learn about the historical significance of gems in Sri Lanka’s culture and economy, and how it became known as the ‘Island of Gems’. Uncover stories of famous gems and the impact of mining on local communities, making it an integral part of the nation’s identity.


Sri Lanka, an island nation located in the Indian Ocean, has a long and storied history of gem mining that dates back over 2,000 years. Known as the ‘Island of Gems’, Sri Lanka is renowned for its rich variety of high-quality gemstones, including sapphires, rubies, garnets, and moonstones.

Ancient Beginnings

The history of gem mining in Sri Lanka is closely linked to its cultural and economic heritage. Ancient texts and chronicles, such as the Mahavamsa, mention the island’s wealth in gems and its significant role in trade routes. It is believed that the gems from Sri Lanka were traded as far as Rome, China, and the Middle East. The famous Silk Road, which connected the East and West, also played a crucial role in the gem trade.

Historical Significance

The gems from Sri Lanka have held significant historical value, often being associated with royalty and religious ceremonies. They have been used in the crowns of kings and queens, as well as in the adornments of temples and shrines. The blue sapphires from Sri Lanka, also known as Ceylon sapphires, are especially famous for their vibrant color and have been sought after by royalty worldwide.

Types of Gems Found in Sri Lanka

Explore the diverse and vibrant array of gems found in Sri Lanka, a gemstone paradise. This section provides an in-depth look at the various types of gems unearthed in the country, from the world-famous Ceylon sapphires and stunning star rubies to rare and exotic stones like alexandrite and padparadscha. Discover the unique characteristics, colors, and qualities that make Sri Lankan gems sought-after worldwide, and learn how each gemstone is formed and where it is commonly found within the island.

Ceylon Sapphires

One of the most famous types of gems found in Sri Lanka is the Ceylon sapphire. Known for their vibrant blue color, Ceylon sapphires are highly sought after and considered among the finest sapphires in the world. They come in a range of hues, from light blue to deep royal blue, and are prized for their exceptional clarity and brilliance.
Sri Lanka is also known for its high-quality rubies, which range in color from pink to deep red. Rubies are often associated with passion and are considered a symbol of love and vitality. They are highly prized for their hardness, durability, and stunning color.
Another gemstone commonly found in Sri Lanka is the moonstone, which is known for its unique adularescence, a phenomenon where the stone appears to glow from within. Moonstones are typically milky in appearance and range in color from white to gray and peach to brown. They are often associated with good luck and are believed to have healing properties.
Other Gemstones
In addition to sapphires, rubies, and moonstones, Sri Lanka is also home to a wide variety of other gemstones, including garnets, topaz, spinel, and zircon. Each of these gemstones has its own unique properties and is highly valued for its beauty and rarity.

In conclusion, Sri Lanka is a treasure trove of exquisite gemstones, each with its own unique characteristics and appeal. From the vibrant blue of Ceylon sapphires to the ethereal glow of moonstones, the island nation is truly a gemstone paradise for enthusiasts and collectors alike.

Sri Lankan Gem Industry and Trade

Delve into the thriving Sri Lankan gem industry and trade with this insightful overview. Learn about Sri Lanka’s position as a leading exporter of gems, and how it has established itself as a global gemstone hub. Explore the intricate network of miners, traders, and exporters that contribute to the vibrant gem market. This section also sheds light on the key aspects of the industry, including certification, quality control, and the ethical and sustainable practices employed to safeguard the precious resources of the island.
Gem Industry’s Cultural and Economic Significance
The gem industry in Sri Lanka is a significant sector that has been a part of the country’s cultural and economic fabric for centuries. Known as the ‘Island of Gems,’ Sri Lanka is a major exporter of gemstones, with a rich history of mining, trading, and crafting exquisite gems.
Variety of Gemstones
The gem industry in Sri Lanka is characterized by its traditional mining methods, skilled craftsmanship, and a wide variety of gemstones. The country is particularly famous for its Ceylon sapphires, which are highly sought after for their vibrant blue color and exceptional clarity. In addition to sapphires, Sri Lanka also produces high-quality rubies, moonstones, garnets, topaz, and other precious and semi-precious stones.
Trading Network and Regulation
Sri Lanka has a well-established network of miners, traders, and exporters that contribute to the vibrant gem trade. The country’s gem trade is regulated by the National Gem and Jewelry

Authority (NGJA), which oversees the mining, cutting, and trading of gems. The NGJA also provides certification and authentication services to ensure the quality and integrity of Sri Lankan gems.

Buying Guide:
What to Look for in a Sri Lankan Gem

Navigate the world of Sri Lankan gems with confidence using this comprehensive buying guide. Learn what to look for when purchasing a Sri Lankan gem, including color, clarity, cut, and carat weight. Understand the importance of certification and how to verify the authenticity of a gemstone. This section also provides tips on bargaining, choosing a reputable dealer, and the legal aspects of purchasing gems in Sri Lanka. Whether you’re a collector, investor, or a first-time buyer, this guide will help you make informed decisions and find the perfect gemstone.
The color of a gemstone is often the most noticeable feature. Look for vibrant and consistent hues. For example, Ceylon sapphires are prized for their luminous blue color.
Clarity refers to the presence of inclusions or blemishes within the gemstone. High-quality gems have fewer inclusions and are more transparent. However, some inclusions, like rutile needles in star sapphires, are desirable as they create unique effects.
The cut of a gemstone affects its brilliance and overall appearance. A well-cut gemstone will have facets that are aligned properly to reflect light in a way that maximizes the stone’s beauty.

Carat Weight

Carat weight measures the size of the gemstone. Larger stones are rarer and more valuable. However, the value also depends on the gemstone’s type and quality.

Reputable Dealer

Purchase gemstones from a reputable dealer with knowledge and experience in the Sri Lankan gem industry. This ensures that you are getting a genuine and high-quality product.

Sri Lanka Gem Museums and Exhibitions

Sri Lanka-Gem-Museums-and-Exhibitions
Explore the rich world of Sri Lankan gems at various museums and exhibitions across the island. This section guides you through the must-visit destinations for gem enthusiasts, including the National Gem and Jewelry Authority Museum and the Gemological Museum of Ratnapura. Discover the captivating displays, educational programs, and interactive exhibits that showcase the history, craftsmanship, and diversity of Sri Lankan gemstones. Learn about the fascinating stories behind the gems, the mining process, and the skilled artisans who transform rough stones into dazzling jewels.

National Gem and Jewelry Authority Museum

The National Gem and Jewelry Authority Museum in Colombo is a must-visit destination for gem enthusiasts. It showcases a wide range of gemstones and provides information about the history of the Sri Lankan gem industry, mining techniques, and gem cutting. The museum also features exhibits on traditional jewelry designs and modern trends.
Gemological Museum of Ratnapura
Situated in the gem capital of Sri Lanka, the Gemological Museum of Ratnapura offers an immersive experience into the world of gems. It displays a diverse collection of gemstones, minerals, and fossils. Visitors can learn about the geological processes that create gemstones, and the methods used to extract, cut, and polish them.

Carat Weight

Carat weight measures the size of the gemstone. Larger stones are rarer and more valuable. However, the value also depends on the gemstone’s type and quality.

Reputable Dealer

Purchase gemstones from a reputable dealer with knowledge and experience in the Sri Lankan gem industry. This ensures that you are getting a genuine and high-quality product.

Ethical and Sustainable Gem Mining in Sri Lanka

Dive into the efforts towards ethical and sustainable gem mining in Sri Lanka, a crucial aspect of the country’s gem industry. This section explores the initiatives taken by local communities, NGOs, and the government to promote responsible mining practices. Learn about the measures in place to protect the environment, preserve local ecosystems, and ensure the welfare of miners. Discover how Sri Lanka is leading the way in sustainable gem production, and how it contributes to the global movement towards ethical sourcing and responsible gemstone trade.

Ratnapura: The Gem Capital

Ratnapura, often referred to as the ‘City of Gems’, is the gem capital of Sri Lanka. Nestled in the southwestern part of the island, this city is renowned for its vast variety of precious and semi-precious gemstones, including sapphires, rubies, garnets, and moonstones. The gem mines in Ratnapura have been in operation for centuries, contributing significantly to the country’s gem industry.

Elahera: The Sapphire Hub

Elahera, located in the Central Province of Sri Lanka, is another prominent gem-mining region. Known for its rich deposits of gemstones, Elahera is particularly famous for its sapphires, ranging from deep blues to vibrant yellows. The mines in Elahera are known for their high-quality gemstones that attract gem enthusiasts and collectors worldwide.
Balangoda: The Moonstone Mines
Balangoda, situated in the Sabaragamuwa Province, is known for its moonstone mines. These mines produce moonstones with a distinctive blue sheen, commonly known as ‘blue sheen moonstones’, which are highly sought after in the gem market.

Stories and Legends of Sri Lankan Gems

Immerse yourself in the fascinating stories and legends of Sri Lankan gems that have been passed down through generations. This section uncovers the mythical and historical tales associated with some of the most famous gems from the island, including the belief in their magical and healing properties. Explore the role of gems in ancient rituals, royal treasures, and cultural heritage. Discover how these stories and legends add to the mystique and allure of Sri Lankan gems, making them more than just precious stones, but treasures with a rich and storied past.
Mythical Origins
Sri Lankan gems have been wrapped in myths and legends since ancient times. One legend states that the gems were formed from the tears of Adam and Eve. According to another tale, the island of Sri Lanka was created when a sapphire was dropped from the crown of the King of Kalinga, India.
Royal Treasures
Many famous gems from Sri Lanka have adorned the crowns and jewelry of royalty worldwide. The Blue Belle of Asia, a stunning 392.52-carat Ceylon sapphire, is one such gem that has been a part of various royal collections.
Astrological Significance
In Sri Lanka, gemstones are often associated with astrology and are believed to have healing properties and influence one’s fate. Many Sri Lankans wear specific gemstones based on their astrological chart to bring good fortune and ward off evil.
Sacred Gems
Some of the most famous gems in Sri Lanka are also associated with religious significance. The Sacred Tooth Relic of Buddha, housed in the Temple of the Tooth in Kandy, is said to be encased in a gold casket studded with gemstones.

Our Affiliations


License Dealer of National Gem and Jewellery Authority

Registered Exporter of Sri Lanka Export Development Board
Member of China Fort Gem and Jewellery Trade Association (CGJTA)

Sri Lankan, European and African Gemstones.

Sri Lankan Gemstones are among the most famous in the world, recent gem findings have been sought out in Sri Lanka.
We are proud to offer our services to gem lovers all around the globe.
Shine on Gem & Jewellery specializing in Sri Lankan, European and African, both precious and semi-precious gemstones, meteorites, fossils and gold Jewellery. This has been our family business for years with vast experience. We offer the best and most reliable services on all kinds of stones and gold jewellery items with enthusiasm.

We are progressing to expand our business across Sri Lanka and overseas to the UK, Europe, the United States, Australia, Thailand, China, Russia, Brazil, Dubai, Saudi Arabia, Madagascar and Tanzania.

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